Dental Information about Children Teeth for Pediatric Dental Care
Pediatric Dental Attention
Development of teeth for infants
Primary teeth are also noted as baby teeth, deciduous teeth or milk teeth. At birth, a baby will actually have a full set of 20 teeth hidden under the guns, 10 upper jaw teeth, and 10 lower jaw teeth. The teeth actually start developing about five weeks’ gestation while in the womb.
Types of teeth
- Molars – these are larger than premolars, with broad, flat surfaces that grind food.
- Incisors – the front teeth located in the upper and lower jaws. Each incisor has a thin cutting edge. The upper and lower incisors come together like a pair of scissors to cut the food
- Premolars – which have flat surfaces to crush food
- Canines – the pointy teeth on both sides of the incisors in the upper and lower jaws; used to tear food
When a tooth breaking through the gum line it is called an “eruption". In babies, tooth eruption is also called teething. The timing of teething eruption differs from child to child.
While the timing may vary, the order of tooth eruption is:
- The lower jaw the two front teeth, between the ages of six and 10 months.
- The upper jaw two front teeth (central incisors), between the ages of eight and 13 months.
- The teeth on each side central incisors in the lower and upper jaw called the lateral incisors, between the ages of eight and 16 months.
- The first set of upper and lower molars (flat-surfaced back teeth) erupt between the ages of 13 and 19 months.
- The ‘eye’ teeth or canine sit beside the lateral incisors and erupt in both the upper and lower jaws between the ages of 16 and 23 months.
- The second set of upper and lower molars erupts between the ages of 25 and 33 months.
Children will usually have the full set of 20 primary teeth around the age of three.